The word songket is derived from the term 'sungkit' in Malay and Indonesian, meaning 'knit' or 'knitting'. Songket also means taking out or pulling yarn out of cloth or weaving it using gold or silver yarn.
In the textile industry, songket is a traditional woven fabric of Malay people in Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei. Typically, songkets are woven by hand using gold and silver threads.
In ancient times, songkets were worn by certain groups at a function or festival only. Nowadays the use of songket has expanded and is not confined to specific groups, but even its use is appropriate for various occasions and festivals.
The smoothness of the weave can be evaluated in terms of the complexity of the flowering process on the songket. The type of yarn used in silk, cotton or polyester also determines the softness, texture and quality of the songket. Even the type of yarn is also an important factor in determining the price of songket in the market. The Malay adage says 'One day a piece of yarn, it will be a piece of cloth' using the work of weaving the fabric as a reflection of the deeper meaning that even a little effort will continue to work.
Songket has a pattern and motif in which it presents unique characteristics of Malay identity. It also reflects the good taste of the nation's culture in an environment rich in beauty and uniqueness.